For the mostly young and secular revolutionaries who initiated the uprising at Tahrir Square here in Cairo, the goals of the revolution were fairly clear — dignity, social- justice, democracy and freedom.
Gamal Mubarak Mubarak's younger son, was expected to succeed his father as the next president of Egypt in Inwith opposition increasing, Daily News Egypt reported an online campaign initiative the National Initiative against Power Inheritance demanding that Gamal reduce his power.
The campaign said, "President Mubarak and his son constantly denied even the possibility of [succession]. However, in reality they did the opposite, including amending the constitution to make sure that Gamal will be the only unchallenged candidate.
He wielded increasing power as NDP deputy secretary general and chair of the party's 25th jan revolution committee. Analysts described Mubarak's last decade in power as "the age of Gamal Mubarak". With his father's health declining and no appointed vice-president, Gamal was considered Egypt's de facto president by some.
Emergency law in Egypt Emergency law Law No. Although it was suspended for 18 months during the early s,  it has otherwise continuously been in effect since Anwar Sadat 's assassination.
It limits non-governmental political activity, including demonstrationsunapproved political organizations and unregistered financial donations. Law enforcement in Egypt According to a U. Embassy report, police brutality has been widespread in Egypt. However, claims by domestic and international groups provided cellphone videos or first-hand accounts of hundreds of cases of police brutality.
The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights documented 30 cases of torture during the year In numerous trials defendants alleged that police tortured them during questioning. During the year activists and observers circulated some amateur cellphone videos documenting the alleged abuse of citizens by security officials.
For example, on 8 February, a blogger posted a video of two police officers, identified by their first names and last initials, sodomizing a bound naked man named Ahmed Abdel Fattah Ali with a bottle.
On 12 August, the same blogger posted two videos of alleged police torture of a man in a Port Said police station by the head of investigations, Mohammed Abu Ghazala. There was no indication that the government investigated either case. He witnessed fellow Egyptian protesters being tortured, assaulted, and taken to undisclosed locations by police officers.
Shenker and other detainees were released after covert intervention by Ayman Nourthe father of a fellow detainee. Although opposition groups and international election-monitoring agencies charged that the elections were rigged, those agencies were not allowed to monitor elections.
The only opposition presidential candidate in recent Egyptian history, Ayman Nour, was imprisoned before the elections. Demographics of EgyptDemographic trapand Youth bulge Egyptian population pyramid in ; many people age 30 and younger, despite education, have difficulty finding work.
The population of Egypt grew from 30, in  to roughly 79, by Economy of Egypt Egypt's economy was highly centralised during the presidency of Gamal Abdel Nasserbecoming more market-driven under Anwar Sadat and Mubarak.
From to the Mubarak government pursued economic reform to attract foreign investment and increase GDP, later postponing further reforms because of the Great Recession.
The international economic downturn slowed Egypt's GDP growth to 4. Inanalysts said that the government of Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif would need to resume economic reform to attract foreign investment, increase growth and improve economic conditions.How the January 25 Egyptian Revolution Was Organized.
riveting account of the digital underpinings of the Egyptian revolution and the activists who risked their January 25th is "Police Day. Most causes of the Egyptian revolution against Mubarak also existed in , when the Free Officers ousted King Farouk: inherited power, corruption, under-development, unemployment, unfair distribution of wealth and the presence of Israel.
A new cause of the Arab Spring is the increase in population, which increased grupobittia.com(s): During revolution: , Post-Revolution: +, See: Deaths section below.
The revolution in Egypt started with marches, demonstrations and civil resistance on January Protesters were inspired by the successful uprising in Tunisia, where demonstrators succeeded.
"The group publicly called for protests at those sites for Jan. 25, a national holiday celebrating the country's widely reviled police force.
They announced the sites of the demonstrations on the. The January 25 Revolution, as Egyptians call it, is the fourth Egyptian revolution in the last years. The modern Egyptian national movement has consistently sought three goals: self-government in the basic sense of allowing Egyptians to be in charge of public offices; independence in the international community and effective domestic.
List of dates for other years. Holidays in Egypt. Is Revolution Day January 25 a Public Holiday? Revolution Day January 25 is on Friday, January 25, and most businesses follow regular Friday opening hours in Egypt.