Capturing the city would cut Soviet transport links with southern Russia, and Stalingrad would then serve to anchor the northern flank of the larger German drive into the oil fields of the Caucasus. In addition, siezing the city that bore the name of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin would serve as a great personal and propaganda victory for Adolf Hitler.
The Volga River, which runs through the city, was also an important shipping route connecting the western part of the country with its distant eastern regions.
For similar reasons, the Russians felt a special need to protect it. Stalin ordered all Russians strong enough to hold a rifle to take up arms in defense of the city. The 6th Army of the Wehrmacht began their assault on August 23, From late August through the end of the assault, the Luftwaffe conducted dozens of air strikes on the city.
The number of civilian casualties is unknown. By September, the Luftwaffe essentially had control of the skies over Stalingrad, and the Russians were getting desperate.
Workers in the city not involved in war-related weapons production were soon asked to take up fighting, often without firearms of their own. Women were enlisted to dig trenches at the front lines. And yet, the Russians continued to suffer heavy losses.
By the fall ofStalingrad was in ruins. Russian generals Georgy Zhukov and Aleksandr Vasilevsky organized Russian troops, augmented by forces from allies Romania and Hungary, in the mountains to the north and west of the city.
From there, they launched a counterattack, famously known as Operation Uranus. Although they again sustained significant losses, Russian forces were able to form what in essence was a defensive ring around the city by late Novembertrapping the nearlyGerman and Axis troops in the 6th Army.
This effort became the subject of a propaganda film produced after the war, The Battle of Stalingrad. With the Russian blockade limiting access to supplies, German forces trapped in Stalingrad slowly starved.
The Russians would seize upon the resulting weakness during the cold, harsh winter months that followed. They began consolidating their positions around Stalingrad, choking off the German forces from vital supplies and essentially surrounding them in an ever-tightening noose.
Thanks to Russian gains in nearby fighting, including in Rostov-on-Don, miles from Stalingrad, the Axis forces — mostly Germans and Italians — were stretched thin. Through Operation Little Saturn, the Russians began to break the lines of mostly Italian forces to the west of the city.
At this point, German generals abandoned all efforts to relieve their beleaguered forces trapped in Stalingrad. Still, Hitler refused to surrender even as his men slowly starved and ran out of ammunition. Battle of Stalingrad Ends By FebruaryRussian troops had retaken Stalingrad and captured nearlyGerman soldiers, though pockets of resistance continued to fight in the city until early March.
Most of the captured soldiers died in Russian prison camps, either as a result of disease or starvation. The loss at Stalingrad was the first failure of the war to be publicly acknowledged by Hitler.
In the end, many historians believe the Battle at Stalingrad marked a major turning point in the conflict. It was the beginning of the march toward victory for the Allied forces of Russia, Britain, France and the United States.
In FebruaryRussians gathered in what is now known as Volgograd to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the conclusion of the battle that had ravaged their city.The battle began with the German air force, the Luftwaffe, bombing the Volga River and the then the city of Stalingrad.
They reduced much of the city to rubble. Soon the German army moved in and was able to take a large portion of the city. Battle of Stalingrad: Battle of Stalingrad, successful Soviet defense of the city of Stalingrad that was a turning point in favor of the Allies in World War II.
Russians consider it to be one of the greatest battles of their Great Patriotic War, and most historians consider it to be the greatest battle of the entire conflict. The Battle of Stalingrad is considered by many historians to have been the turning point in World War Two in Europe.
The battle at Stalingrad bled the German army dry in Russia and after this defeat, the Germany Army was in full retreat. The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August – 2 February ) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
The Battle of Stalingrad and the Battle of Normandy were two vital battles in World War II. Stalingrad was the site of a critical WWII Soviet victory that terminated Germany’s advance to the east. Peaceful Normandy took it’s place in history as the starting point in the triumphant march across Europe.
Very pivotal. Arguably the most important battle of the war.
I believe the most important battles of the war in Europe, in order of ascending importance, are the invasion of Normandy, battle of Kursk, battle of Moscow, and battle of Stalingrad.