All students must apply for and be admitted into the approved biology teacher preparation program. Students must meet the required criteria for admission by passing the Virginia Board of Education prescribed assessments and earn the minimum required grade point averages GPA.
Account for the differences in oxygen consumption observed between: Explain why each of these features is necessary. State the conclusions reached by Mendel in his work on the inheritance of characteristics. Explain how each of the following deviates from these conclusions.
Experiments by the following scientists provided critical information concerning DNA. Describe each classical experiment and indicate how it provided evidence for the chemical nature of the gene.
Explain how the events of meiosis I account for Ap biology organic chemistry essay observations that led Mendel to formulate these laws. An organism is heterozygous at two genetic loci on different chromosomes.
Explain how these alleles are transmitted by the process of mitosis to daughter cells. Explain how these alleles are distributed by the process of meiosis to gametes.
Labeled diagrams that are explained in your answer may be useful. A portion of specific DNA molecule consists of the following sequence of nucleotide triplets.
What would be the effect of a deletion or an addition in one of the DNA nucleotides? What would be the effects of a substitution in one of the nucleotides? Describe the operon hypothesis and discuss how it explains the control of messenger RNA production and the regulation of protein synthesis in bacterial cells.
Explain how DNA meets each of the three criteria stated above. Select one of the criteria stated above and describe experimental evidence used to determine that DNA is the hereditary material.
Describe the biochemical composition, structure, and replication of DNA. Discuss how recombinant DNA techniques may be used to correct a point mutation.
Describe the production and processing of a protein that will be exported from a eukaryotic cell. Begin with the separation of the messenger RNA from the DNA template and end with the release of the protein at the plasma membrane.
Describe the steps of protein synthesis, beginning with the attachment of a messenger RNA molecule to the small subunit of a ribosome and ending generalized with the release of the polypeptide from the ribosome.
Include in your answer a discussion of how the different types of RNA function in this process. The diagram below shows a segment of DNA with a total length of 4, base pairs.
The arrows indicate reaction sites for two restriction enzymes enzyme X and enzyme Y. Explain how the principles of gel electrophoresis allow for the separation of DNA fragments.
Describe the results you would expect from the electrophoresis separation of fragments from the following treatments of the DNA segment above. Assume that the digestions occurred under appropriate conditions and went to completion.
The mechanism of action of restriction enzymes. The different results you would expect if a mutation occurred at the recognition site for enzyme Y. By using the techniques of genetic engineering, scientists are able to modify genetic materials so that a particular gene of interest from one cell can be incorporated into a different cell.
Describe a procedure by which this can be done.This AP Biology review section covers basic chemistry, organic molecules and enzymes. StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes Basic Chemistry, Organic Molecules and Enzymes.
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Basic Chemistry, Organic Molecules and Enzymes; Cells, Membranes and Viruses. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.
For the most part, they don’t, particularly if your science prerequisite grades are good. Between someone who had a in Chemistry and someone who had a in English, the English major is going to look much more appealing.
c Describe how modern techniques of molecular biology could be used to determine whether the mutant allele is present in a given individual. Unit 7 (Evolution, Population Genetics, Speciation) Describe the special relationship between the two terms in each of the following pairs.
a Convergent evolution of organisms and Australia. Marine Biology Concentration. The marine biology concentration provides students with coursework, specialized advising, and practical experience in marine biology while ensuring a strong, balanced education in one of the traditional natural sciences in which students major.
AP Biology Essay Questions The following is a comprehensive list of essay questions that have been asked on past AP exams. The questions are organized according to units.
Unit 1 (Basic Chemistry and Water) 1. The unique properties (characteristics) of water make life possible on Earth. Select three properties of water and: for each property, .