Psychoanalyse first started to receive serious attention under Sigmund Freud, who formulated his own theory of psychoanalysis in Vienna in the s. Freud was a neurologist trying to find an effective treatment for patients with neurotic or hysterical symptoms. Freud realised that there were mental processes that were not conscious, whilst he was employed as a neurological consultant at the Children's Hospital, where he noticed that many aphasic children had no apparent organic cause for their symptoms. He then wrote a monograph about this subject.
Sigmund Freud is called the father of psychology. In terms of theories, Freud is known for his psychosexual theory, and Erikson is known for his psychosocial theory.
Though both believed that personality develops in a series of predetermined stages, both of them have different explanations.
While Freud based his theory on sex, Erikson did not give much importance to the sexual drive of an individual.
On the other hand, Erikson focused on identity. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Stagnation, and Integrity vs. Erickson says that it is a period Trust vs. Mistrust when children try to learn to trust and mistrust their caregivers.
In the Anal stage 1 to 3 yearsa child gains a sense of mastery by controlling bowel and bladder movements. However, Erikson says it is a period Autonomy vs.
Doubt when children develop self-sufficiency by controlling activities such as eating, toilet training, and talking. To Erikson, however, it is a period of Initiative vs.
Guilt where a child begins to take more control over their environment. Inferiority stage says that a child develops a sense of competence. Role stage says that it is a period when a child develops a personal identity. In adulthood, Freud only talks of a single stage called Genital Stage which he says would last all through life.
However, Erikson has divided this Adulthood stage into three. Isolation is a stage when an adult explores romance. Stagnation stage is when middle-aged adults have a sense of the society, and the Integrity vs. Despair stage talks of older adults.
Freud is known for his psychosexual theory, and Erikson is known for his psychosocial theory. If you like this article or our site. Please spread the word.Freud, Erikson, and Piaget are all great theorists with different ideas concerning human development.
Each theorist developed ideas and stages for human development. Their theories on human development had human beings passing through different stages. A variable is anything that can vary, i.e.
changed or be changed, such as memory, attention, time taken to perform a task, etc. Variable are given a special name that only applies to experimental grupobittia.com is called the dependent variable and the other the independent variable.
Compare and Contrast Erik Erikson & Sigmund Freud This research paper will compare and contrast two of the most influencial psychologists who helped shape the way we understand the development of the human mind; Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson.
Critically compare and contrast Freud and Erikson’s stage theories of development, and debate how well each has been supported by research. Among early developmental theories, the most influential and controversial theory of development was proposed by Sigmund grupobittia.com proposed psychosexual stages of development, which changed the entire view on the child’s development (Storr, ).
Freud, Erikson, and Piaget are all great theorists with different ideas concerning human development. Each theorist developed ideas and stages for human development.
Their theories on human development had human beings passing through different stages. Comparison with Freud's Theory Sigmund Freud introduced a Psychosexual Theory of development in the early ’s, while Erik Erikson as his student took a different approach to the development, and called it a Psychosocial Theory.