Trilling has had a significant influence on the American literary world. As an educator he was associated with Columbia University for over forty years; as an editor and essayist he was an influential contributor to Partisan Review and The Ken-you Review; as a critic-biographer he placed Matthew Arnold, E. Forster, and Sigmund Freud in the liberal-humanist tradition which inspired his own work.
He was the leading figure in a national literary movement that replaced the observance of Victorian notions of propriety with the unflinching presentation of real-life subject matter. Among other themes, his novels explore the new social problems that had arisen in a rapidly industrializing America.
Life Dreiser was the ninth of 10 surviving children in a family whose perennial poverty forced frequent moves between small Indiana towns and Chicago in search of a lower cost of living.
His father, a German immigrant, was a mostly unemployed millworker who subscribed to a stern and narrow Roman Catholicism. He began a career as a newspaper reporter in Chicago in and worked his way to the East Coast.
While writing for a Pittsburgh newspaper inhe read works by the scientists T. Huxley and John Tyndall and adopted the speculations of the philosopher Herbert Spencer. Through these readings and his own experience, Dreiser came to believe that human beings are helpless in the grip of instincts and social forces beyond their control, and he judged human society as an unequal contest between the strong and the weak.
In Dreiser arrived in New York Citywhere he worked for several newspapers and contributed to magazines. He married Sara White inbut his roving affections and resulting infidelities doomed their relationship.
The couple separated permanently in Dreiser began writing his first novelSister Carriein at the suggestion of a newspaper colleague. Library of Congress, Washington, D.
The reception accorded his second novel, Jennie Gerhardtthe story of a woman who submits sexually to rich and powerful men to help her poverty-stricken family, lent him further encouragement.
The first two volumes of a projected trilogy of novels based on the life of the American transportation magnate Charles T.
Yerkes, The Financier and The Titanfollowed. Dreiser recorded his experiences on a trip to Europe in A Traveler at Forty This book brought Dreiser a degree of critical and commercial success he had never before attained and would not thereafter equal.
He became involved in a variety of causes and slackened his literary production. A visit to the Soviet Union in produced a skeptical critique of that communist society entitled Dreiser Looks at Russia His only other significant publications in the late s were collections of stories and sketches written earlier, Chains and A Gallery of Womenand an unsuccessful collection of poetryMoods, Cadenced and Declaimed He came to reconsider his opposition to communism and wrote the anticapitalist Tragic America His only important literary achievement in this decade was the autobiography of his childhood and teens, Dawnone of the most candid self-revelations by any major writer.
There he set about marketing the film rights to his earlier works. In he began belatedly to rewrite The Bulwark, a novel begun in The task was completed inthe same year he married Helen. Sara White Dreiser had died in One of his last acts was to join the American Communist Party.
Helen helped him complete most of The Stoicthe long-postponed third volume of his Yerkes trilogy, in the weeks before his death. Both The Bulwark and The Stoic were published posthumously andrespectively. It became a beacon to subsequent American writers whose allegiance was to the realistic treatment of any and all subject matter.
Sister Carrie tells the story of a rudderless but pretty small-town girl who comes to the big city filled with vague ambitions. She is used by men and uses them in turn to become a successful Broadway actress while George Hurstwood, the married man who has run away with her, loses his grip on life and descends into beggary and suicide.
Sister Carrie was the first masterpiece of the American naturalistic movement in its grittily factual presentation of the vagaries of urban life and in its ingenuous heroine, who goes unpunished for her transgressions against conventional sexual morality. The emotional disintegration of Hurstwood is a much-praised triumph of psychological analysis.
The Financier and The Titan are the first two novels of a trilogy dealing with the career of the lateth century American financier and traction tycoon Charles T. Yerkes, who is cast in fictionalized form as Frank Cowperwood.
As Cowperwood successfully plots monopolistic business coups first in Philadelphia and then in Chicago, the focus of the novels alternates between his amoral business dealings and his marital and other erotic relations.
The Financier and The Titan are important examples of the business novel and represent probably the most meticulously researched and documented studies of high finance in first-rate fiction.
His sprawling imagination and cumbersome style kept him from performing well in the smaller literary forms, and his nonfiction writing, especially his essays, are marred by intellectual inconsistency, a lack of objectivity, and even bitterness.
But these latter traits are much less obtrusive in his novels, where his compassion and empathy for human striving make his best work moving and memorable. The long novel gave Dreiser the prime form through which to explore in depth the possibilities of 20th-century American life, with its material profusion and spiritual doubt.Mar 11, · Theodore Dreiser's Sister Carrie provides an excellent example of determinist literature and is based on the critical ideas of amorality and environmental factors controlling a person's fate, while Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is an example of individualism and illustrates the idea that a person can take action to make his or.
One hundred is small enough to force some tough choices. It kills me to leave off the list Herman Melville’s Typee (), Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Marble Faun (), Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (), and many others. Yet is also large enough to include a few eccentric. Theodore Dreiser Essays: Over , Theodore Dreiser Essays, Theodore Dreiser Term Papers, Theodore Dreiser Research Paper, Book Reports.
ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. Harry Sinclair Lewis (February 7, – January 10, ) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and grupobittia.com , he became the first writer from the United States to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature, which was awarded "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humor, new types of .
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Theodore Dreiser is one of the primary practitioners of American naturalism, a school of writing that, like its counterpart in France, seeks to convey realistically and almost clinically the.