Definition, Intelligence Quotient and Distribution of Intelligence! Human being is considered to be the most intelligent animal in this world. He is capable of controlling all other beings and many other things in this world.
Ale notices a wide variety of individual differences in people's intellectual abilities. Some are more intelligent than others. The differences are so much that some change the course of human civilization through their intellectual innovations, a few others even find it difficult to master a problem simple addition.
The individual differences that exist among all of us are the products of two general and broad factors: Hereditary factors are based on the genetic make up of the individual influences growth and development throughout life. The offspring inherits genetic characteristics from his parents.
The environmental factors cc of the influence of parents, family, friends, schooling, society, culture, and all other experiences to which the child is exposed right from the moment of conception. The nature-nurture controversy has philosophical roots. In the s, Locke, English philosopher, argued that the mind of a newborn is a blank: Locke believed that environment acts as the sole determinant of development.
On the con the French philosopher, J. The nature-nurture question has been vehemently debated for decades. At present, psychologists agree that both nature and nurture interact to pro specific developmental patterns and competence.
The question has changed from which heredity or environment influences behavior to how and to what extent heredity and environment shape the developmental proc No body is born without a genetic make up, or no one grows up free environmental influences.
Both heredity and environment are important, it is unwise to determine their relative influence.
Even then, the de concerning their relative influence remains still active with different thee emphasizing either the role of heredity or the role of environment Scarr, These factors are discussed below in detail.
Hereditary Factors Heredity refers to genetically transmitted characteristics from generation to the next. We inherit genetic code from parents. Because of genetic code, a fertilized human egg never grows into a dog or a mouse or any other animal.
Person's genetic heritage is called genotype. The genotype expresses itself in observable appearance and behavior, which is called phenotype. The phenotype includes height, weight, eye color, and psychological characteristics such as intelligence, personality and creativity.
The genetic code provides the base on which phenotype grows and manifests. How can we know that human intelligence has a genetic basis? To do so, we have to infer the underlying genotypes from the observable phenotypic behavior.
A strategy to understand genotypes from phenotypes is to examine the similarities between the intelligence level of children, and their parents and relatives. Francis Galton was of the view that intelligence is largely inherited, and it runs in families.
Correlations between IQs of brothers, sisters, children and their parents, and their distant relatives indicate that intelligence has a strong hereditary component Kagan and havemann, The correlation between the IQs of one child and another person selected at random would tend to be zero, while among the related individuals the correlations would be relatively high.
Correlation coefficient provides a measure of the strength of relationship between two variables, and; bound by limits from The higher is the correlation coefficient; le higher is the strength of relationship.Human intelligence: Human intelligence, mental quality that consists of the abilities to learn from experience, adapt to new situations, understand and handle abstract concepts, and use knowledge to manipulate one’s environment.
Much of the excitement among investigators in the field of intelligence derives from their. Development of Human Intelligence Essay. After WWII, President Truman signed the National Security Act of which created the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); one of the three primary purposes to create a window into Stalin’s thoughts and ambitions particularly when it came to Western Europe.
When it was reasoned that U.S. Essay on Influential Factors of Human Intelligence - Human intelligence is an enigma that continues to intrigue scientists around the world after its inception with the creation of humanity. One important thing to note about the genetics of intelligence is that it is not controlled by a single "intelligence gene." Instead, it is the result of complex interactions between many genes.
Next, it is important to note that genetics and the environment interact to . Is intelligence nature or nurture Essay Sample The statement ‘nature trumps nurture’ is referring to the nature versus nurture debate that has been ongoing in psychology since its origin.
The debate aims to examine to what extent human development is influenced by our genetic inheritance (nature) and by external environmental influences. What are some Factors that Affect the Intelligence of a Child What Factors Affect Intelligence Factors that Affect Intelligence Do Gene has Influence over Human.