Prev post 1 of 3 Next Page Use arrow keys to navigate Karl Marx is arguably the most influential socialist thinker and revolutionary of the 19th century. Until now, his philosophy on politics and economics continues to influence more than half of the modern world.
This is why he chose to examine how history transition from primitive society, through ancient and feudal societies, to capitalism.
He was just very disappointed that he saw almost none of that in his time- rather, he lived in a Dickensian London of vast income inequality, pollution, massive unemployment with no benefits, child labor and grueling work conditions, one in which the working classes who were so necessary in production had no say in what was done to them.
As such, he took it upon himself to find out what went wrong.
He first educated himself, then critiqued the two big scholars of the Enlightenment: Hegel in philosophy, and Smith in political economy. Marx was a voracious reader- not just of these scholars but also of almost everything else there was to read at the time.
There are sources cited in some of his works that have since disappeared and now exist only as a footnote in Marx. I am not a philosopher and am not really qualified to say much on this beyond the fact that Marx drew many ideas dialectic, contradictions, dyad and tryad, etc.
As far as political economy was concerned, Marx was very much a thinker of the political economy or as its more commonly called nowadays, classical political economy tradition which began around the Enlightenment. This tradition began roughly with Mandeville in Britain and the Physiocrats in France around the point when capitalism began to become dominant in the 18th century, continued through Adam Smith, David Hume, Thomas Malthus, David Ricardo, J.
Mill to Marx, who dedicated his most expansive work, Capital to about pages of meticulous study of the capitalist economy. After Marx it ceased to be dominant and was almost immediately Marginalist economics the predecessor of both Keynesian economics and the neoclassical utility curves and production functions we learn in undergrad econ became dominant as a reaction.
All of these thinkers, Marx included, were engaged in conscious observation of how the capitalist economy operated a system that was establishing itself before many of their very eyes. Their arguments were based on the properties that emerged when different groups of people interacted in time and space, both of which were integrals to the models and patterns they described.
Marx, for example, spends pages and pages describing actual working conditions in factories he visited in light of his studies findings. By contrast, modern economics abstracts away from time, space, and even society in order to found itself on the behaviors of individuals or firms modeled as individualsmore often than not at some equilibrium which assumes perfect information, no transaction costs, etc.
It depicts an idealized economy rather than the working economy that the political economists sought to describe. This is true to the point that it has become a central feature of any Marxist view or critique. It must always be noted that Marx sought to understand his world and its dynamics and patterns- he never set up any vision of what the future would look like, apart from a vague sketch of a basic flow of history.Karl Marx Life: Karl Marx was a German philosopher, sociologist, economic historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist who developed the socio-political theory of Marxism.
He was born on May 5 in a town located in the Kingdom of Prussia's Province of the Lower Rhine. Marx was a thinker who, more than anything, I think was fascinated by the idea of change and dynamics.
He sought to create a way of looking at the world’s history, sociology, politics and economics in such a way that dynamics took a central role. Last week's Big Question studied the formative years of Karl Marx. It was the years that saw Marx in Paris ( to ) that he began to develop his ideas on what would become the cornerstone of his philosophy - class struggle.
Karl Marx Quotes and Sayings Quotes by Karl Marx May you find great value in these inspirational Karl Marx Quotes from my large datebase of inspiring quotes and sayings.
Influences on Karl Marx are generally thought to have been derived from three sources, namely German idealist philosophy, French socialism and English and Scottish political economy. [citation needed German philosophy Immanuel Kant. Immanuel Kant is believed to have had the.
Karl Heinrich Marx was born on May 5, , in Trier, Kingdom of Prussia, now known as Germany. He hailed from an affluent middle-class family, with both parents descending from a long line of rabbinic ancestry.
The Marx family was Jewish but was forced to convert to Christianity. This is so his.