Health care Study of the mind The components of psychology can be found in the definition of psychology.
Saul McLeodpublished Carl Jung was an early supporter of Freud because of their shared interest in the unconscious. When the International Psychoanalytical Association formed in Jung became president at the request of Freud.
The following year this led to an irrevocable split between them and Jung went on to develop his own version of psychoanalytic theory. Most of Jung's assumptions of his analytical psychology reflect his theoretical differences with Freud.
Differences between Jung and Freud Theory of the Libido Jung disagreed with Freud regarding the role of sexuality. He believed the libido was not just sexual energy, but instead generalized psychic energy. For Jung the purpose of psychic energy was to motivate the individual in a number of important ways, including spiritually, intellectually, and creatively.
It was also an individual's motivational source for seeking pleasure and reducing conflict Theory of the Unconscious Like Freud and Erikson Jung regarded the psyche as made up of a number of separate but interacting systems. The three main ones were the ego, Psychology and unconscious component personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious.
According to Jung, the ego represents the conscious mind as it comprises the thoughts, memories, and emotions a person is aware of.
The ego is largely responsible for feelings of identity and continuity. Like Freud, Jungemphasized the importance of the unconscious in relation to personality. However, he proposed that the unconscious consists of two layers.
The personal unconscious contains temporality forgotten information and well as repressed memories. Jung outlined an important feature of the personal unconscious called complexes.
A complex is a collection of thoughts, feelings, attitudes, and memories that focus on a single concept. The more elements attached to the complex, the greater its influence on the individual.
Jung also believed that the personal unconscious was much nearer the surface than Freud suggested and Jungian therapy is less concerned with repressed childhood experiences. It is the present and the future, which in his view was the key to both the analysis of neurosis and its treatment.
This is his most original and controversial contribution to personality theory. This is a level of unconscious shared with other members of the human species comprising latent memories from our ancestral and evolutionary past.
These universal predispositions stem from our ancestral past. Fear of the dark, or of snakes and spiders might be examples, and it is interesting that this idea has recently been revived in the theory of prepared conditioning. However more important than isolated tendencies are those aspects of the collective unconscious that have developed into separate sub-systems of the personality.
Jung called these ancestral memories and images archetypes. Archetypes Archetypes Jung, are images and thoughts which have universal meanings across cultures which may show up I dreams, literature, art or religion.
Jung believes symbols from different cultures are often very similar because they have emerged from archetypes shared by the whole human race.
For Jung, our primitive past becomes the basis of the human psyche, directing and influencing present behavior. Jung claimed to identify a large number of archetypes but paid special attention to four. This is the public face or role a person presents to others as someone different to who we really are like an actor.
Each sex manifests attitudes and behavior of the other by virtue of centuries of living together. The psyche of a woman contains masculine aspects the animus archetypeand the psyche of a man contains feminine aspects the anima archetype.In Psychology of the Unconscious, Jung seeks a symbolic meaning and purpose behind a given set of symptoms, placing them within the larger context of the psyche.
The text examines the fantasies of a patient whose poetic and vivid mental images helped Jung redefine libido as psychic energy, arising from the unconscious and manifesting /5(12). According to Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality, the id is the personality component made up of unconscious psychic energy that works to satisfy basic urges, needs, and desires.
However, empirical research in psychology has revealed the limits of the Freudian theory of the unconscious mind, and the modern notion of an 'adaptive unconscious' (Wilson, ) is not the same as the psychoanalytic grupobittia.com: Saul Mcleod. However, empirical research in psychology has revealed the limits of the Freudian theory of the unconscious mind, and the modern notion of an 'adaptive unconscious' (Wilson, ) is not the same as the psychoanalytic grupobittia.com: Saul Mcleod.
Freud divided the mind into its conscious and unconscious states. The conscious mind contains all the thoughts, feelings, cognitions, and memories we acknowledge, while the unconscious consists of.
Analytical psychology (sometimes analytic psychology), also called Jungian psychology, is a school of psychotherapy which originated in the ideas of Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist. It emphasizes the importance of the individual psyche and the personal quest for wholeness.