All of us are very reliable for conservation of the environment. A healthy and attractive environment will lead to health people leaving in that environment. This is because; most of us are not going to be affected by any harmful diseases, which may result from waste.
Solid waste management is a term that is used to refer to the process of collecting and treating solid wastes. It also offers solutions for recycling items that do not belong to garbage or trash. As long as people have been living in settlements and residential areas, garbage or solid waste has been an issue.
Waste management is all about how solid waste can be changed and used as a valuable resource. Solid waste management should be embraced by each and every household including the business owners across the world. Industrialization has brought a lot of good things and bad things as well.
One of the negative effects of industrialization is the creation of solid waste. Improper disposal of municipal solid waste can create unsanitary conditions, and these conditions in turn can lead to pollution of the environment and to outbreaks of vector-borne disease—that is, diseases spread by rodents and insects.
This waste comes from homes, offices, industries and various other agricultural related activities. These landfill sites produce foul smell if waste is not stored and treated properly. It can pollute the surrounding air and can seriously affect the health of humans, wildlife and our environment.
The following are major sources of solid waste: Residential Residences and homes where people live are some of the major sources of solid waste. Garbage from these places include food wastes, plastics, paper, glass, leather, cardboard, metals, yard wastes, ashes and special wastes like bulky household items like electronics, tires, batteries, old mattresses and used oil.
Most homes have garbage bins where they can throw away their solid wastes in and later the bin is emptied by a garbage collecting firm or person for treatment.
Industrial Industries are known to be one of the biggest contributors of solid waste. They include light and heavy manufacturing industries, construction sites, fabrication plants, canning plants, power and chemical plants.
These industries produce solid waste in form of housekeeping wastes, food wastes, packaging wastes, ashes, construction and demolition materials, special wastes, medical wastes as well as other hazardous wastes.
Commercial Commercial facilities and buildings are yet another source of solid waste today. Commercial buildings and facilities in this case refer to hotels, markets, restaurants, go downs, stores and office buildings. Some of the solid wastes generated from these places include plastics, food wastes, metals, paper, glass, wood, cardboard materials, special wastes and other hazardous wastes.
Institutional The institutional centers like schools, colleges, prisons, military barracks and other government centers also produce solid waste. Some of the common solid wastes obtained from these places include glass, rubber waste, plastics, food wastes, wood, paper, metals, cardboard materials, electronics as well as various hazardous wastes.
Construction and Demolition Areas Construction sites and demolition sites also contribute to the solid waste problem. Construction sites include new construction sites for buildings and roads, road repair sites, building renovation sites and building demolition sites.
Some of the solid wastes produced in these places include steel materials, concrete, wood, plastics, rubber, copper wires, dirt and glass.
Municipal services The urban centers also contribute immensely to the solid waste crisis in most countries today. Some of the solid waste brought about by the municipal services include, street cleaning, wastes from parks and beaches, wastewater treatment plants, landscaping wastes and wastes from recreational areas including sludge.
Treatment Plants and Sites Heavy and light manufacturing plants also produce solid waste. They include refineries, power plants, processing plants, mineral extraction plants and chemicals plants.
Among the wastes produced by these plants include, industrial process wastes, unwanted specification products, plastics, metal parts just to mention but a few. Agriculture Crop farms, orchards, dairies, vineyards and feedlots are also sources of solid wastes.
Among the wastes they produce include agricultural wastes, spoiled food, pesticide containers and other hazardous materials. Biomedical This refers to hospitals and biomedical equipment and chemical manufacturing firms.
In hospitals there are different types of solid wastes produced. Some of these solid wastes include syringes, bandages, used gloves, drugs, paper, plastics, food wastes and chemicals.
All these require proper disposal or else they will cause a huge problem to the environment and the people in these facilities. Effects of Poor Solid Waste Management Due to improper waste disposal systems particularly by municipal waste management teams, wastes heap up and become a problem.
People clean their homes and places of work and litter their surroundings which affects the environment and the community.
This type of dumping of waste materials forces biodegradable materials to rot and decompose under improper, unhygienic and uncontrolled conditions.
After a few days of decomposition, a foul smell is produced and it becomes a breeding ground for different types of disease causing insects as well as infectious organisms.
On top of that, it also spoils the aesthetic value of the area. Solid wastes from industries are a source of toxic metals, hazardous wastes, and chemicals.Below is an essay on "Sustainable Solid Waste Management in India" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science Columbia University in the City of New York January 10, in India. The systems and techniques discussed are Informal and Formal. Management of residential and institutional waste in cities and metros is done by the local government authorities or what we call as Municipal Corporation, while management of non-hazardous commercial and industrial waste is done by the generator of such waste.
Solid waste Management. Techniques of solid waste management are: 1. Hazardous solid waste is industry generated which need special disposal techniques. Solid waste management is an integral part of the environmental domain of any region.
Inefficient waste disposal systems lead to environmental pollution along with presenting severe health hazards. As shown in the diagram above, solid waste management generally includes a collection of waste, transporting waste, processing and recycling it, and finally disposal of waste.
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act: Environmental Protection Through Proper Solid Waste Practices Albert P. Aquino, Jamaica Angelica P. Deriquito, and Meliza A. Festejo Introduction Waste mismanagement has serious environmental effects making the passage of the Republic Act (RA) or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of Database of FREE Environmental Sciences essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas.
Sample Environmental Sciences essays! To enhance productive environmental management, community and science must engage productively within complex management. grupobittia.com; Air pollution in the city is associated with various public health concerns. Chinese cities like Beijing and Shanghai are leading in the air pollution from industries and plants.
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