You are welcome to pick the one that you most passionate about and use it for composing your article. By no means should these topics be what you write about word for word but you can use them to influence your decisions, and take them as prompts as to what to study. Social psychology research topics What are the main factors that can affect social cognition within a family? What are the roles of aggression and violence in social psychology?
Aaron Beck, driven by theoretical concerns, and lending of academic psychology the scientific methodology, empirical studies conducted with the intention of confirming psychoanalytical principles, in particular the motivational psychoanalytic model of depression as retroflex aggression of the individual against each other in an attempt to self- punishment.
His studies with moderate and severe depressive generated negative results, and, contrary to his expectations, led to the disconfirmation of the psychoanalytic model of depression.
Beck proposed a new model, the cognitive model of depression, which, evolving in its theoretical aspects and applied, resulted in the proposal of a new system of psychotherapy — cognitive therapy. Despite its own independent historical paths, cognitive therapy has often been identified with behavioral therapy, and denominations Cognitive Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, especially in Brazil, have been used interchangeably.
From the perspective of Cognitive Therapy, this text will emphasize factors specific to each approach, and overlay factors, highlighting interesting historical aspects and converged on the emergence of each of these approaches in different periods and contexts.
At that time, there was a convergence between psychoanalysts and behaviorists with respect to their dissatisfaction with their own models of depression, respectively, the psychoanalytic model of retroflex anger and the behaviorist model of operant conditioning.
Clinical pointed to the questionable validity of these models as clinical depression models. In the 60s and 70s, there was the removal of psychoanalysis and radical behaviorism by several of his supporters.
InEllis Rational Emotive Therapy proposed, the first contemporary psychotherapy with clear cognitive emphasis. Behaviorists as Bandura Behavior Modification Principles, ; Social Learning Theory,Mahoney Cognition and Behavior Modification, and Meichenbaum Cognitive Behavior Modification, published important works that showed cognitive processes as crucial the acquisition and regulation of behavior as well as cognitive and behavioral strategies for intervention on cognitive variables.
Martin Seligman, at the same time, proposed the theory of Helplessness Learned, an essentially cognitive theory, and its revisions, which resulted in the assignment Styles Theory, as relevant to psychological processes in depression. In Beck is accepted as a member of the same entity. It was thus inaugurated the era cognitive psychotherapy, from facts that converged decisively to the emergence of a cognitive perspective, which was reflected in the Cognitive Therapy proposition as a system of psychotherapy, based on own models of human functioning and installation and maintenance of psychopathology.
Emergency Cognitive Therapy Fundamentally, the most important influence, and that gave rise to cognitive therapy, were the experiments and clinical observations of Beck himself. In the area of his experiments, Beck initially explored the psychoanalytic model of depression as retroflex aggression through content exploration studies of dreams and manipulation of mood and performance with depression.
Contrary to the psychoanalytic model, Beck gathered data that pointed to depression as simply reflecting negative patterns of information processing. In the area of clinical observations, Beck noted that during free association, patients did not report a flow of automatic thoughts, preconscious, rapid and specific.
Delving noted that such thoughts streams functioned as a mediational variable between the ideation of the patient and their emotional and behavioral response. In contrast to the motivational psychoanalytic model of depression, these thoughts expressed a negativity or pessimism, general individual against each other, the environment and the future.
Based on their clinical and experimental observations, Beck proposed the cognitive theory of depression. The general negativity expressed by patients, he said, was not a symptom, but played a central role in the installation and maintenance of depression.
Depressive systematically distorted reality by applying a negative bias in processing information. Beck points cognition, not emotion, as the essential factor in depression, conceptualizing it, therefore, as a disorder of thought and not an emotional disorder.
It proposes cognitive vulnerability hypothesis, as the cornerstone of the new model of depression, and the notion of cognitive schemata. InBeck, published Depression: Causes and Treatmentwhich was followed by a continuous series of significant publications such as cognitive therapy of emotional disordersin which cognitive therapy is already presented as a new system of psychotherapy, Therapy cognitive Depressionthe work most frequently cited in the literature, and other important works, some of them recent, that Beck and his collaborators develop and expand the limits of cognitive Therapy.
Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies In the first half of the twentieth century, psychoanalysis in its various guidelines, dominated the field of psychotherapy. Pavlov, the scientist who first described and analyzed the conditioning process, expressed interest in its possible clinical applications.
In the postwar years, the theory of learning proposed by Clark Hull, proved to be the dominant orientation in most psychology departments, especially in the United States.
Then, however, finding theoretical obstacles that led to its weakening and discrediting gave way to proposals for B. The theoretical-clinical former, in this early stage, firmly believed that behavioral therapy should continue closely associated with behaviorism of 50 and The basic principles of behaviorism, which challenged the orthodox psychoanalysis, could be summarized as follows:Developing a Therapeutic Counseling Relationship Essay; Developing a Therapeutic Counseling Relationship Essay.
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Introduction Understanding the counseling session from the client’s perspective is a very important aspect in the development of a therapeutic relationship. A clinician must be an excellent listener, .
Certainly, psychology is one of the most interesting branches of science out there. Practically everything today is influenced by it or has an impact on one’s subconscious.
If you’re an aspiring psychologist or you are studying therapy for your undergraduate or master’s degree, there are many topics available for research; and, sometimes.
Some therapy approache focusses on the past and what has happened in the past and how it influences the clients behaviour, reality therapy rejects that notion and only focuses on the present as the past can not be changed and it is over and done with. Psychology Essays. Search to find a specific psychology essay or browse from the list below.
Cognitive therapy teaches a client the connection between thought patterns, emotional state and behavior. Cognitive therapy encourages the client to change irrational and negative thinking patterns in order to alleviate the emotional symptoms that are caused by the thoughts.
Aug 23, · Therapy is a treatment for psychological problems in which therapists and clients work together to understand problems and come up with plans for fixing them, generally by changing ineffective thoughts, emotions or behaviors.