Using first and second person pronouns in academic writing

In the exam First vs.

Using first and second person pronouns in academic writing

For example, the first person is more likely used in the abstract, introduction, discussion, and conclusion sections of an academic paper while the third person and passive constructions are found in the methods and results sections.

In this article, we discuss when you should avoid personal pronouns and when they may enhance your writing. Additionally, artistic disciplines may also encourage personal perspectives more than other subjects ; to emphasize or distinguish your perspective while discussing existing literature; and to create a conversational tone rare in academic writing.

Usage Examples The following examples compare the impact of using and avoiding first-person pronouns. Example 1 First Person Preferred: To understand the effects of global warming on coastal regions, changes in sea levels, storm surge occurrences and precipitation amounts were examined.

When a long phrase acts as the subject of a passive-voice construction, the sentence becomes difficult to digest. Additionally, since the author s conducted the research, it would be clearer to specifically mention them when discussing the focus of a project.

When describing the focus of a research project, many authors often replace "we" with phrases such as "this study" or "this paper. In fact, recent papers published in Nature, for example, use "we" to establish an active voice. For example, "we attempt to demonstrate" works, but "the study attempts to demonstrate" does not; the study is not a person.

Identifying Narrative Voice

From the various data points we have received, we observed that higher frequencies of runoffs from heavy rainfall have occurred in coastal regions where temperatures have increased by at least 0. Introducing personal pronouns when discussing results raises questions regarding the reproducibility of a study.

However, mathematics fields generally tolerate phrases such as "in X example, we see We removed the passive voice and maintained objectivity and assertiveness by specifically identifying the cause-and-effect elements as the actor and recipient of the main action verb.

In contrast to the study by Jones et al.

What's New

The authors confirm this latter finding. Does the term refer to Jones et al. We confirm this latter finding. By using "we," this sentence clarifies the actor and emphasizes the significance of the recent findings reported in this paper.

The APA encourages using personal pronouns for this context. The social sciences broaden this scope to allow discussion of personal perspectives, irrespective of comparisons to other literature.

Thus, using personal pronouns as the first one or two words of a sentence will draw unnecessary attention to them unless, of course, that was your intent.

using first and second person pronouns in academic writing

After all, the readers were not involved in analyzing or formulating the conclusions presented in your paper although, we note that the point of your paper is to persuade readers to reach the same conclusions you did.How to Write in Third Person.

Writing in third person can be a simple task once you get a little practice with it. For academic purposes, third person writing means that the writer must avoid using subjective pronouns like "I" or "you.".

using first and second person pronouns in academic writing

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Traditional academic writing discourages the use of first or second person (I, we, you).

This is because it does not sound objective. Instead, it sounds as though you have only a very limited, personal view of the issue you are discussing, rather than a . If first person is someone telling you his or her story, and second person is you being told how you should do something, then third person is more like a camera recording events.

Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback. The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.

Reference List: Basic Rules // Purdue Writing Lab